Common Wood Types Used In Amish Furniture| Amish Crafted Furniture
Mature hardwoods supply the nation, and much of the world, with timber used for everything from railroad ties to quality furnishings. U.S. hardwoods are appreciated around the world for their warmth and lasting beauty in furniture, cabinetry, millwork and flooring. Just as each tree is different from the next, so too are hardwood products individually unique. Different species of hardwood are characterized by an infinite variety of graining and distinct textures. Additional characteristics occur when, as the tree grows and matures, limbs fall off leaving behind a knot on the hardwood surface. All of these natural markings add character to the woods appearance without effecting the durability or stability of the wood. Here is some specific information about the different wood types we offer: (Please contact us for other wood species, such as Hickory, Rustic Cherry, and Walnut)
Quarter Sawn Wood
If you like the artistic texture of wood grain, you likely would love having your solid hardwood furniture built with quarter sawn wood. Quarter sawn wood, usually white oak, makes the natural wood grain even more striking than if sawn the standard way, which is horizontally.
While most people aren’t certain what quarter sawn is, it really describes itself, quarter sawn. Quarter-sawn refers to the direction that the wood is cut. For most furniture, logs at sawmills are cut horizontally with the grain of the wood. To get quarter sawn grain, the log is cut in half, then each half is cut into quarters. Each quarter is sliced one section at a time, preserving and in most cases exposing the side of the grain instead of the plane of the wood grain.
Quarter sawing wood allows the grain’s natural flakes and rays to come alive, especially when stain and finish are applied. Because quarter-sawn wood is smaller in width than regular cut wood, it tends to be a more stable wood as well. In other words, quarter-sawn wood does not expand or contract as much as horizontally sawn wood.
Many solid hardwood antique pieces, especially Arts and Crafts Mission furniture, were constructed out of quarter-sawn wood for that reason. Changing room temperatures and humidity levels did not have as much effect on quarter-sawn wood as regularly sawn wood. Consequently, wood furniture was constructed using quarter-sawn wood as a way to protect the various pieces from cracking or warping, especially since there was no kiln-dried wood then.
Even in today’s world with numerous varieties and styles of furniture, quarter-sawn wood continues to be in high demand by customers.